Iso 2768 Mk Tolerance Table

 
  1. Iso 2768 Mk Spec
Table 1. Permissible deviations for linear dimensions except chamfered parts (external radii and chamfer heights, see Table 2.) Unit : mm Tolerance class
Designation
Division of basic dimension 0.5 (1)
Over 3
Over 6
Over
Over
Over
Over
Over
up to 3
up to 6
up to
30 up
120 up
400 up
1000
2000
30
to 120
to 400
to
up to
up to
1000
2000
4000
Description
Permissible deviations f
fine
0.05
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.3
0.5
-
m
medium
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.5
0.8
1.2
2
c
coarse
0.2
0.3
0.5
0.8
1.2
2
3
4
v
very coarse
-
0.5
1
1.5
2.5
4
6
8
Note (1) :
For basic dimensions below 0.5 mm, the deviations shall be indicated adjacent to the relevant basic dimension(s).
Table 2. Permissible deviations for linear dimensions of chamfered parts (Rounding of corner and chamfered dimension) Unit : mm Tolerance class
Division of basic dimension
Designation
Description
0.5 (1)
Over 3
up to 3
up to 6
Over 6
Permissible deviations
Note (1) :
f
fine
m
medium
c
coarse
v
very coarse
0.2
0.5
1
0.4
1
2
For basic dimensions below 0.5 mm, the deviations shall be indicated adjacent to the relevant basic dimension(s).
Table 3. Permissible deviations for angular deviations
Tolerance class
Deviation of length (unit : mm) of the shorter side of the angle concerned Up to 10
Designation
Description
Over 10
Over 50
Over 120
up to 50
up to 120
up to 400
Over 400
Permissible deviations f
fine
m
medium
c v

30c
20c
10c
5c
coarse
1°30c

30c
15c
10c
very coarse



30c
20c
Table 4. General tolerances on straightness and flatness Unit : mm Straightness and flatness tolerances for ranges of nominal lengths Tolerance
Up to 10
class
Over 10
Over 30
Over 100
Over 300
Over 1000
up to 30
up to 100
up to 300
up to 1000
up to 3000
General tolerances on straightness and flatness H
0.02
0.05
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
K
0.05
0.1
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
L
0.1
0.2
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.6
Table 5. General tolerances on perpendicularity Unit : mm Perpendicularity tolerances for ranges of nominal lengths of the shorter side Tolerance class
Up to 100
Over 100
Over 300
Over 1000
up to 300
up to 1000
up to 3000
General tolerances on perpendicularity H
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
K
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
L
0.6
1
1.5
2
Table 6. General tolerances on symmetry Unit : mm Symmetry tolerances for ranges of nominal length Tolerance
Up to 100
class
Over 100
Over 300
Over 1000
up to 300
up to 1000
up to 3000
General tolerances on symmetry H
0.5
K L
0.6 0.6
1
0.8
1
1.5
2
Table 7. General tolerances on circular run-out Unit : mm Tolerance class
Circular run-out tolerance
H
0.1
K
0.2
L
0.5

The ISO 2768 standard comes in two parts, namely ISO 2768-1 and ISO 2768-2. The first part covers linear and angular dimensions, while the second covers geometrical tolerances. For further coverage and supporting information, there are several tables and annexes in the ISO 2768 standards themselves where you can find out everything you need to.

Iso

Iso 2768 Mk Spec

/
UDC
621 ..753 .1
: 621 .7 : 621 .9 : 744 .43
DEUTSCHE NORM
April 1991
General tolerances for Iinearand angular dimensions and geometrical= .tolerances
DIN 7168
(not to be used for .new destgns) .'-j' ;,
Allgemeintoleranzen ; Langen- and Winkelma8e,Form and=Lage& ' (nicht fur Neukonstruktionen) '.. .'7' 1
Supersedes May 1981 edition of DIN 7168 Part 1 and July 1986
This standard is not to be used for new designs . General tolerances for these are now covered by ISO 2768 Parts 1 and 2 . See also clause 1 and the Explanatory notes . In keeping with current practice in standards published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), a comma has been used throughout as the decimal marker .
m m-
1 Scope
m
This standard is intended to ensure that all drawings prepared to date in which general tolerances have been specified on the basis of DIN 7168 will remain intelligible and be interpreted correctly, and also to inform the user of this standard that, for all new designs, tolerances are to be specified on the basis of ISO 2768 Parts 1 and 2 .
01 a E x m Z °
m o

W
9
m
2
table 2) ; b) angular dimensions (cf . table 3), both those indicated and those not usually indicated on drawings, such as 90°
assembled parts : d) workpiece features for which no individual tolerances of form and position are indicated .
applicable for the dimensions of parts produced by metal m
removal (i .e . chip removal)'), unless this involves specia!
v
manufacturing processes for which other standards speci-
General tolerances as specified in this standard do not apply for :
ao
.
fying general tolerances apply .
E z ° C, m m
a) linear and angular dimensions and workpiece features General tolerances as specified here shall apply when for which tolerances have been individually indicated ;
o` 5 c c CL
reference is made to this standard in drawings or associated documents (e .g . delivery conditions) in accordance
m 0 - m~
b) linear and angular dimensions and workpiece features for which other standards on general tolerances are
with clause 5 .
specified in drawings or associated documents ;
m
If special general tolerances are specified in accordance
L C
m
with other standards (cf . page 6), the standards concerned
• r= v m
documents . If, in cases where production specifications
o c~ . m 0
contain references to more than one standard on general
3
external radii and chamfer heights for broken edges (cf .
Field of application
General tolerances as specified in this standard are

o
sizes, step sizes, diameters, clearances (cf . table 1),
angles or the angles of regular polygons :
• •
C
a) linear dimensions, such as external sizes, internal
c) linear and angular dirrfeensions produced by machining
m v m m = z
I
General tolerances as specified in this standard apply for :
c) auxiliary dimensions enclosed in brackets (cf . DIN 406 Part 2) ;
shall be indicated on the drawing or in the associated
tolerances, there is any doubt as to which standard is to apply for a given linear or angular dimension, then the
d) theoretically exact dimensions enclosed in rectangular frames as specified in ISO 1101 ; e) angular dimensions on circular graduations ; f) 90° angles, not indicated on the drawing, between lines
standard specifying the larger tolerance shall be deemed
••
forming coordinate axes :
to apply . g) Accordingly, a dimension between an unfinished and a
• • L
finished surface on a blank (e .g . on a casting blank or
o
indicated, will be required to meet the general tolerance
A 0.
given in the relevant standard on blanks, provided that is
linear and angular dimensions produced by the assembly of parts ;
h) workpiece features which are not produced by removal
forging blank), for which no individual tolerance has been of material, in accordance with the indication of a semifinished product on drawings .
indeed the larger tolerance . However . for a dimension
0 Z
between two finished surfaces, the general tolerance specified in DIN 7168 shall always apply . Production specifications in which linear or angular dimensions (but not auxiliary dimensions) appear without individually indicated tolerances shall be considered incomplete if there is no reference, or inadequate reference, to general tolerances .
') For concepts relating to manufacturing processes . see DIN 8580 .
Continued on pages 2 to 7
Aft
Beuth Verlag GmbH, Berlin, has the exclusive right of sale for German Standards 10.91
(DIN-Normen).
DIN 7168 Engl . Price group 8 Sales No .0108
•' • • '
Page 2 DIN 7168 3
General tolerances for linear and angular dimensions
3 .1
Linear dimensions
Table 1 . Permissible deviations for linear dimensions, except for external radii and chamfer heights Permissible deviations, in mm, for nominal sizes, in mm, Tolerance class
from 0,5') to 3
over 3 up to 6
over 6 up to 30
over 30 up to 120
over 120 up to 400
over 400 up to 1000
over 1000 up to 2000
over 2000 up to 4000
over 4000 up to 8000
I ± 0,05
over 8000 up to 12000
± 0,1
± 0,15
± 0 .2
± 0,3
± 0,5
± 0,8
-
-
over 12000 up to 16000
f (fine)
± 0,05
m (medium)
±0,1
10,1
±0,2
±0,3
±0,5
±0,8
±12
±2
±3
± 4
g (coarse)
± 0,15- ± 0,2
± 0,5
± 0,8
± 1,2
± 2
± 3 ~
± 4
± 5
± 6
± 7
± 1
± 1,5
± 2
± 3
± 4
± 6
± 8
± 10
± 12
sg (very coarse)
-
± 0,5
I .±
5
over 16000 up to 20000
I I
t 6 ± 8 ± 12
') For nominal sizes below 0,5 mm, the deviations shall be indicated adjacent to the relevant nominal size . Table 2 . Permissible deviations for external radii, r (cf . figure 1 for example), and chamfer heights, h (cf . figure 2 for example)
Table 3 . Permissible deviations for angular dimensions
Permissible deviations, in mm, for nominal sizes, in mm . Tolerance class
f (fine) m (medium) g (coarse) sg (very coarse)
from 0,5 1 ) to 3
over 3 up to 6
over 6 up to 30
over 30 up to 120
over 120 up to 400
±0,2
±0,5
±1
_2
±4
.0,2
±1
±2
t4
f (fine)
Angular dimensions
General tolerances for angular dimensions apply irrespective of the actual dimensions of the lengths, i .e . the angular deviations may occur both on workpieces with maximummaterial sizes and on workpieces with minimum-material sizes . The upper and lower deviations do not limit the form deviations of the legs or surfaces forming the angle .
Note . In the case of workpieces exhibiting deviations of form, the angle is defined by the direction of the straight lines or planes applied to the two angle legs under the minimum material conditions (cf . ISO 1101 for the definition of the minimum condition) .
4
over 10
over 10 up to 50
over over 120 50 up to up to 120 400
T 1 °
±30'1±20'
g (coarse)
± 1° 30'
± 50' i ± 25'
sg (very coarse)
= 3°
m (medium)
±8
For nominal sizes below 0 .5 mm, the deviations shall be indicated adjacent to the relevant nominal size .
3 .2
Tolerance class
Permissible deviations, in units of angle, for nominal sizes of the shorter leg, in mm,
i

- 1°
±10'
I
I± i
over 400
±
5'
I 15' 1± 1 0'
± 30' ± 20'
General geometrical tolerances
4 .1 Tolerancing principle as specified in ISO 8015
General tolerances based on the tolerancing principle specified in ISO 8015 are only to be applied when the drawing concerned contains the reference 'Tolerancing to ISO 8015' . Where that is the case. the general geometrical tolerances (i .e . the tolerances of form and position) apply independently of the actual local sizes of the workpiece feature . Each individual tolerance requirement must be met . The general geometrical tolerances may thus also be applied even if the features are everywhere at their maximum material size . For fits, the envelope requirement must also be specified, and this shall be individually indicated on the drawings (cf . Explanatory notes) . 4 .1 .1 General tolerances of form 4 .1 .1 .1
Straightness and flatness
The general tolerances on straightness and flatness shall be as specified in table 4 . Tolerances on straightness shall be selected from the table on the basis of the length of the corresponding tine, while, for flatness tolerances, selection shall be based on the longer lateral length of the surface, or on the diameter of the circular surface . 4 .1 .1 .2 Circularity The general tolerance on circularity shall be equal to the numerical value of the diameter tolerance, but in no case shall it be greater than the respective tolerance on radial run-out given in table 6 (cf . Explanatory notes) .
11;1~b. DIN 7168 Page 3
C-
4LM
Table 4 .
General tolerances on straightness and flatness
Tolerance class
General tolerances on straightness and flatness, in mm, for a nominal size, in mm, of up to 6
over 6 up to 30
over 30 up to 120
over 120 up to 400
over 400 up to 1000
over 1000 up to 2000
over 2000 up to 4000
over 4000 up to 8000
over 8000
R
0,004
0,01
0,02
0,04
0,07
0,1
-
-
-
S
0,008
0,02
0,04
0,08
0,15
0,2
0,3
0,4
-
T
0,025
0,06
0,12
0,25
0,4 . .
0,6
0,9
12
U
0,1
0,25
0,5
1,5
2,5
3,5
5
4.1 .1 .3 Cylindricity
General tolerances on cylindricity have not been specified .
Note . If the envelope requirement is to apply to fits with cylindrical surfaces, the dimension concerned shall be identified by the symbol ®, (e .g . 0 25 ® or 25 H7 ([)) .
0
W*
4 .1 .2 4 .1 .2 .1
Table 5 . General tolerances on symmetry
Parallelism
The limitation of the deviation in parallelism is given either by the general tolerances on straightness or flatness (cf . subclause 4 .1 .1 .1), or by the tolerance on the distance between the parallel lines or surfaces, whichever is the greater .
Note . If the envelope requirement is to apply to fits with flat mating surfaces, then the dimension concerned shall be identified by the symbol ©, as specified in ISO 8015 (e .g . 30 p, or 30 h 7 ®) . 4 .1 .2 .2 Perpendicularity and inclination
General tolerances on perpendicularity and inclination have not been specified . Instead, the general tolerances on angular dimensions may be applied (cf . subclause 3 .2) . 4.1 .2 .3 Symmetry
The general tolerances for symmetrical, but not axially symmetrical, features are to be taken from table 5 . These general tolerances also apply in cases where one of the symmetrical features is axially symmetrical and the other is not. For general tolerances on symmetry, the longer feature shall be taken as the datum . That applies to all features which may be referred to each other . If both features are of the same nominal length, then either may serve as the datum . If, for functional reasons, these datum specifications are not permissible, the tolerance on symmetry shall ,be Individually indicated as specified in ISO 1101 . y v r . ;14.1 .Z.4 .'.'Coax] alit ~ ; . `-, General tolerances on coaxiality have not been speced . 1The,deviatiortnian coaxiality my i cases be as extreme '!great{as,the ooleranca value for radial run-out given in
1,8
table 6, since the deviation in radial run-out comprises the deviation in coaxiality and the deviation in circularity (cf . Explanatory notes) .
General tolerances of position
The longer of the two features shall betaken as the datum . If both features are of the same nominal size, then either may serve as the datum . If, for functional reasons, these datum specifications are not permissible, then tho tolerance on parallelism shall be individually indicated as specified in ISO 1101 .
I
4 .1 .2.5
Tolerance class
Symmetry tolerance, in mm
R
0,3
S
0,5
T
1
U
2
Radial run-out
The general tolerances on radial run-out shall be a : specified in table 6 . For general tolerances on radial runout, the bearing surfaces shall be taken as the datum, if they are designated as such . Otherwise, the longer of the two features shall be taken as the datum . If both features are of the same nominal size, either may serve as the datum . If, for functional reasons, these datum specifications are not permissible, the tolerance on radial run-out shall be individually indicated as specified in ISO 1101 . 4.1 .2 .6 Axial run-out
The general tolerances on axial run-out shall be as specified in table 6 .
For general tolerances on axial run-out, the bearing surfaces shall be taken as the datum, if they are designated as such . Otherwise, each of the axially symmetric features may serve as the datum . Table 6 . General tolerances on radial and axial run-out Tolerance class
Radial and axial run-out tolerances, in mm
R
0,1
S
0,2
T
0,5
U
1
Page 4 DIN 7168 4 .2
Tolerancing principle 'envelope requirement without indication on drawing' as specified in DIN 7167
4 .2.1
General tolerances of form General tolerances of form have not been specified . All deviations in form shall, if no individual tolerances of form have been indicated, be limited by the dimensional tolerances as follows .
/ B/ Shaft
10~pr
Shaft
Cylinder
In the case of shafts, the surface of the feature shall not exceed the geometrically ideal form (cylinder) at its maximum material size (envelope requirement), nor shall the actual dimension be smaller than the least material limit at any point.
/ L Tolerance
i Tolerance
e
Note . The cylinder at its maximum material limit is embodied by the GO ring gauge .
Minimum limit of size Maximum limit of size Maximum limit of size Cyuncer In the case of holes, the surface of the feature shall not be smaller than the geometrically ideal form (cylinder) at its minimum material size (envelope requirement), nor shall the actual dimension be greater than the maximum material size at any point.
Tolerance,-
Minimum limitl --of size
Tolerance,
i Tolerance
Maximum limit of size
_, ; Tolerance -Minimum limit of size
Maximum limit of size
4 .2 .2 General tolerances of position 4 .2 .2 .1
Note . The cylinder at its minimum material limit of size is embodied by the GO plug gauge .
Parallelism
For tolerances on parallelism, the specifications given in subclause 4 .2 .1 shall apply analogously .
4 .2 .2 .2 Perpendicularity and inclination
General tolerances on perpendicularity and inclination have not been specified . Instead, the general tolerances for angular dimensions may be applied (cf . subclause 3 .2) .
Note . Previously, the rule was that the deviations in perpendicularity should lie within the dimensional tolerances . measured in a rectangular system of coordinates . In practice . however, this limitation was and is hardly ever observed in industry because it is seldom required for functional reasons .
4 .2 .2 .3 Symmetry For tolerances on symmetry of non-axially symmetrical workpiece features, the values specified in table 7 shall apply . These tolerances on symmetry shall also apply to relationships between workpiece features where one of the features is axially symmetrical and the other is not .
Table 7 .
General tolerances on symmetry for non-axially symmetrical workpiece features Tolerance class
Tolerance on symmetry, in mm
02')
0 .06
01)
0 .15
A
0 .3
B
0 .5
C
1
D
2
') Mainly applies for precision engineering applications The above symmetry tolerances may also obtain in the case of workpieces at their 'maximum material size' . 4 .2.2.4 Radial and axial run-out
For tolerances on radial run-out in the relationship of two or more axially symmetrical workpiece features, and for tolerances on axial run-out . the values specified in table 8 shall apply .
DIN 7168 Page 5 a
1
Table 8 . General tolerances on radial run-out In the relationship between axially symmetrical features, and general tolerances on axial run-out
9
Tolerance class
Tolerance on radial and axial run-out, in mm
02')
0,02
01 1 )
0,05
A
a
0,1
B
0,2
C
0,5
D
1
' Mainly applies for precision engineering applications .
46
The above tolerances on radial run-out may also obtain in the case of workpieces at their' maximum material size', but this does not apply to axial run-out tolerances, because axial run-out must always lie within the linear tolerances .
5 5 .1
Designation and indication on drawings of general tolerances
as specified in DIN 7168
Designation of general tolerances for dimensions, only Example : DIN 7168 - m DIN number Tolerance class m as per clause 3 of this standard
5 .2
Designation of general tolerances based on ISO 8015 Example : DIN 7168 - m - S DIN number Tolerance class m as per clause 3 for size tolerance Tolerance class S as per subclause 4 .1 for tolerances of form and position
5 .3
Designation of general tolerances based on principle of `envelope requirement without indication on drawing' as per DIN 7167 Example :